ITGS Syllabus

Sunday, May 07, 2006

Topic 77

Key terms by Andrew
formatting, template, spell check, grammar check, ASCII/unicode, PDF, RTF, text


There are many types of formatting for computers. One that everyone might know of is disk formatting which is where you prepare a hard disk or any other storage medium for use. You can also format text, which is where you create the lettering appearance of a document. Page formatting is where you create a template or grid for content on a page. This includes web pages with multimedia on it.


There are many types of templates. One for instance would be a graphics template which is an over lay for drawing, painting, or sewing to copy letters shapes or patterns. There are page templates which is a pre-constructed page layout used to create new pages. In computer programming, templates are a feature of the C++ programming language that allow code to be written without thought of the data type with which it will in the end be used.Templates support generic programming in C++.

Spell Check

A spell check is designed feature or a software program that is used to check for incorrect spellings within a document. Spell checkers are usually built-in to word processors, e-mailing services, and search engines. The spell checker only works with single words at a time and determines if the words are correct by scanning the words with a dictionary. If the dictionary does not contain the word that is within the document, the word is designated wrong and if the word is wrong, it gives a list of what words the user could have meant to type. Spell checkers would not find “Eye halve a spell checker” wrong because it knows the words are correct, but does not know what word is meant to be typed.

Grammar Checker

Grammar Checker is a natural language processor to check for errors in grammar within a sentence or the lack of needed grammar. The natural language processor is a type of artificial intelligence and linguistics. Natural language generation systems convert information from computer databases into normal-sounding human language, and natural language understanding systems convert samples of human language into more formal representations that are easier for computer programs to manipulate.


ASCII is a character encoding based on the English alphabet. ASCII codes represent text in computers, communications equipment, and other devices that work with text. Most modern character encoding, which support many more characters, have a historical basis in ASCII.


Portable Document Format is an open file format created and controlled by Adobe Systems, for representing two-dimensional documents in a fixed-layout document format. Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a 2D that includes the text, fonts, images, and 2D vector graphics that compose the document. PDF files do not encode information that is specific to the application software, hardware, or operating system used to create or view the document. This feature ensures that a valid PDF will render exactly the same regardless of its origin or destination (but depending on font availability when fonts are not encapsulated in the file


The Rich Text Format is a proprietary document file format developed and owned by Microsoft since 1987 for cross-platform document interchange. Most word processors are able to read and write RTF documents. Unlike most word processing formats, RTF is human-readable.


In computer and machine-based telecommunications terminology, a character is a unit of information that roughly corresponds to a grapheme or a grapheme-like unit or symbol, such as in an alphabet or syllabify in the written form of a natural language. An example of a character is a letter, numeral, or punctuation mark. The concept also includes control characters, which do not correspond to natural language symbols but to other bits of information used to process texts of the language, such as control characters like carriage return or tab, as well as instructions to printers or other devices that display such texts.


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